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Recently announced new Points-Based System has been the cause of many arguments, which has now taken to a whole new dimension with the Brexit, and the new system, which puts people before passports, is supposed to be the future of the UK immigration.

According to unknown sources, Secretary of the State Priti Patel told the cabinet that they will be implementing a new system similar to ones in Australia and Canada and it will be implemented before the end of the transition period, she added. These new statements caused a lot of question marks across the public and the commons. The new Points-Bases System is planned to arrive at the end of this year, and it is based on grading new immigrants on pre-determined categories and exceed a pre-determined threshold.

It is also stated that the aim is to attract talents across the globe while denying entrance of the low-skilled immigrants by relying on a pre-election system. Although we do not believe the new system will affect the already-existing low-skilled migrants, it is clear that these changes will affect potential immigrants who wish to live and work in the UK tremendously. However, it can’t be denied that the new system is expected to go a long way in attracting potential talents and qualified immigrants who wish to live in the UK. Similar systems to the new points-based system is already in place in countries like Australia and Canada and the system grades potential immigrants in categories like education, language and qualifications. Ones who exceed the threshold are then allowed to make an application.

Another highly discussed subject was Priti Patel’s statement that the new system would be in effect by the end of 2020 instead of in 2 years. The cabinet and the government officials have stated that this decision would deeply affect many already-existing institutions and systems from NHS to economy, two industries that are very dependent on immigrants, and there will be many changes required. Priti Patel’s statements not only point to a potential deprivation in manpower but also many specialists, law societies and government officials believe that rushing the deadline passed the original timeframe might cause the new system to be imperfect and flawed.

 PM Boris Johnson also stated in his speech at the UK-Africa Summit that the new system would put passports before people and favour an individual’s qualifications before their religion, race or nation. The notion that when done right, the new system can thrive and make the country a better place is also quite popular with the public.

For now, it is safe to say that ECAA, both Turkish Businessperson and Turkish Worker, applications’ extension and Indefinite Leave to Remain applications are safe. However, we also believe that the new Points-Based System is sure to cause a lot of confusion and conflict in its early ages.

We will keep you updated on all things Brexit. To read about the latest news, keep following our blogs and social media accounts.

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Rules governing the relations between states are defined by international, bilateral or multilateral agreements. These agreements ensure that countries have a set of rules defining reference points in the exchange of information, money, goods and people. Being a part of a trans-governmental organisation (as explained by Robert Keohane and Joseph Nye) requires more than reference points. It requires submission to rules set by a non-nation state body, rather than defining them.

There is one international organisation that actually fits the definition of a trans-governmental organisation. That is the European Union. It is trans-governmental as much as it is trans-national. I have given you this initial explanation in order to explain the gravity of the situation regarding any types of Brexit. The European Union does not only define the rules set within the EU, but also each countries’ relationship with third parties (other states and international organisations) Meaning once Brexit happens, all of the UK’s relationships will have to be redefined, to the smallest detail.

This information it scary when each time a politician talks about a Brexit deal with no practical consideration of its implementation, even scarier when some politician speaks of the ‘no-deal’ so comfortably. As much as it is extremely remarkable that such people can actually become next prime ministers of a Kingdom that invented diplomacy as we know it, this is what the United Kingdom is left with.



The UK is left with a massive workload and a foreign policy to redefine. Amongst the most important are the immigration policies. Despite not being a part of the Schengen visa regime, the UK still has to abide by the rules governing its borders concerning the EU citizens. In addition, the UK is bound by the EU’s agreements made with other states (such as Turkey’s ECAA deal) Although the Irish border issue makes the headlines most due to the historical issues between the Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, the rest is going to be nearly as complicated to deal with.

The White Paper on Immigration published on December 2018 by the UK Migration Advisory Committee (MAC) promised to introduce a single immigration system based on skills and talent. There is no clear indication of how to define skill or talent in addition to the lack of any indication of implementation. Is there going to be a salary threshold? How can the educational background be interpreted (i.e. will an American Ivy League University be treated the same as a Malawian Higher Education Institution?)

There is clearly a lot of questions to be answered by whoever will be the next prime minister, yet there seems to be no connection with reality on their part. I find it chaotic and depressing to even consider a no-deal Brexit. I am sure reasonable politicians and bureaucrats within the UK and the EU agree. At least let’s hope so.
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Earlier in May, politics left the UK mainstage for a while. Then came the Conservative – Labor talks negotiating a sound Brexit plan to back in the parliament. Then those talks broke. Then May announced her exit on June 7. Then came the EU parliamentary elections.

 

May’s exit was wished upon by many and was merely surprising. UKIP successor Brexit Party’s victory was also expected, and probably not wished upon as much as May’s exit. These two outcomes stemmed from the same reason: Brexit was not delivered.


This resulted third of the population voting for parties that were openly supporting a no-deal Brexit, which adds up to 35% of the votes. Conservative and Labor leave voters have shifted a 5% of their votes to this bloc as well.



What was not as much expected though, was the amount of votes going into the remain bloc. Openly remain parties such as Liberal Democrats, Greens, SNP and Plaid Cymru gained 40% of the votes, which gives them an overall advantage over leave bloc. In addition to that, knowing most Labor voters are remain voters, you can make a claim that the public is more supportive of a remain position on the Brexit issue.

 

As hard as it is to make a strong claim about pushing a second referendum in political terms, it was comforting to see that remain is more likely to win in case a public vote takes place. And it is certain that most of the Westminster politicians are aware of it, like the opposition leader Jeremy Corbyn changing his attitude on the referendum stance.

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On April 30th Tuesday, day before the Labor Day, Labour Party had a meeting amongst themselves to decide upon their stance for Brexit. They had various topics to discuss over Brexit, but most highlighted outcome of the meeting was the one concerning a potential second referendum. Many were hoping that Labour Party would adopt a firm stance asking for a second referendum, but the outcome was not as expected.

Many would assume that Labour Party and its supporters would support the EU and the remainers, thus pushing for a pro-second referendum agenda. This is a common misconception. There is also a left-wing argument for Brexit which opposes the EU on the basis of their liberal economy policies. Left wing Brexiteers oppose the free flow of money but support the free flow of people. This is vice versa for the right wing Brexiteers arguments, as they support the free flow of capital but oppose the free movement of people.




What does this mean in relation to the meeting?

Labour Party announced that in case there is no change to May’s Brexit plan or a promise of general election, they would be pushing for a referendum. Referendum is a third option. Labour is not acting as a body taking its stance with reference to Brexit in the upcoming elections.


General scheme of the whole saga

Brexit is going to come back to the news stories as frequent as it used to be in no time again. The European Parliamentary Elections appears in the horizon, yet no deal has been reached. Expect a few more attempts on a deal, but nothing suggests a plan that can go through the parliament. Even if it does, it will have some strings attached, such as a confirmatory referendum.


For those concerned about their immigration, settlement or visa status

Forecast looks as if there won’t be a storm but expect a few showers. Current visa and immigration regime seem to be still valid and in place. Third country agreements that UK is bound by via EU agreements, such as Ankara Agreement with Turkey, will not be subject to change in the foreseeable future.

Family, visit and study visa system will all remain the same for now. There has been changes to the procedures for efficiency purposes, yet no major changes have been introduced yet.


Mid-term and Long-term changes to the visa regime

Government published a paper, known as the ‘White Paper’ that outlines the future immigration system of the UK. This is a paper in which Migration Advisory Committee (MAC) advises changes to the immigration regime for the post-Brexit UK. Her Majesty’s Government agrees with most of the paper, meaning that when Brexit happens this paper will be the future guideline of immigration to the UK.

To sum-up, the UK intends to treat all other countries on an equal basis. Instead, the emphasis will be on the skill level of the immigrant. As the free flow of labour will diminish overall due to the cease of free labour influx from the EU, there are plans to lower the skills quota.
This raises a question: if the UK is aiming to attract higher skilled labour rather than any labour from the EU, why lowering the quota? The answer lies within itself: because there will be all kinds of labour shortage.

So Brexit creates a problem that itself wanted to correct in principle. It is controversial, just as expected from the Brexit itself.
You can remind yourself that the capital requirement that was introduced six years ago for the spouses of British citizens was proposed by Theresa May herself. Today, still many families suffer from the separation due to this unexpectedly introduced capital requirement.
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